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armenia earthquake 1988 cause

11/01/2021

A group of French recording artists and actors came together with the French writer and composer Charles Aznavour to record the 1989 song “Pour toi Arménie” (For you Armenia). Mount Ararat, a 5,137 m (16,854 ft) dormant volcano, lies 100 km (62 mi) to the south of the quake's epicenter in Turkey. A list of these patients, collected from discharge data from all the hospitals in Armenia, was available from the Ministry ofHealth, in Yerevan. Gorbachev set aside 5 billion rubles (about $8 billion U.S. dollars) in funds for a start on what would likely be a recovery cost that would exceed the cleanup bill for the 1986 nuclear and radiation accident in Ukraine. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Noji,2 &A.P. [26], The epicenters of the recorded aftershocks formed a relatively narrow 50 km (31 mi) band. In pictures: 25th anniversary of Armenian earthquake, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1988_Armenian_earthquake&oldid=994215973, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles containing Armenian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 17:17. The group, including a structural engineer who specialized in seismic-resistant designs, agreed that building inadequacies were the primary reason why the strong (but not huge) earthquake was so damaging, although the freezing temperatures also played a role in the unusually high death toll. Nikolai Ryzhkov, the then Chairman of the Council of Ministers, was awarded the National Hero of Armenia for his work in rebuilding the city following the earthquake. [19], The Soviet news media and government officials soon began to discuss the apparent substandard construction styles that had caused so many of Armenia's buildings to collapse. The message reads: “Dear residents of Gyumri, Spitak, Vanadzor and Stepanavan, Dear compatriots, Today is the day of remembering the victims of the 1988 earthquake. INTRODUCTION During the past 20 years, earthquakes have caused more than a million deaths worldwide. Witness speaks to … It had to do with the 8.2 earthquake that struck Armenia back in 1989 when the country was flattened, killing over 30,000 people in less than four minutes. [27], Buildings and other structures were extensively damaged during the earthquake, but roadways and railways also experienced disturbances. The 1988 Armenian earthquake, also known as the Spitak earthquake (Armenian: Սպիտակի երկրաշարժ, Spitaki yerkrasharj), occurred on December 7 at 11:41 local time with a surface wave magnitude of 6.8 and a maximum MSK intensity of X (Devastating). 1988 SPITAK EARTHQUAKE (ARMENIA) A. K. BORUNOV, A. V. KOSHKARIOV, AND V. V. KANDELAKI Institute of Geography USSR Academy of Sciences Staromonetny 29, Moscow 109017, USSR ABSTRACT The Spitak earthquake, magnitude 7 on the Richter scale, which occurred on 7 December 1988 caused extensive damage throughout the area and resulted in over 25,000 deaths. They sustained themselves on the food supplies — fruit salad, pickles, and smoked ham — that were available in the basement for 35 days before their rescue in January. It is still considered very unusual. Buildings that didn’t collapse featured well-maintained masonry and skeletal components that were joined together adequately in a way that allowed for the building to resistseismic waves. The unrest and the opposition movement began in September 1988 with negotiations between the Karabakh Committee and Gorbachev taking place throughout most of 1989. A team of earthquake and engineering experts from the United States spent a period of time in Armenia in December 1988 and January 1989. [35], The French arrived in Armenia in the late evening on Friday, December 9 and relieved the exhausted Armenian workers who then returned to Yerevan. [14], The earthquake occurred along a known 60 km (37 mi) thrust fault striking parallel to the Caucasus range and dipping to the north-northeast. Mkhitarian said that 130 factories were destroyed and 170,000 people were out of work. [30] Nikolai Ryzhkov, the then Chairman of the Council of Ministers, was awarded the National Hero of Armenia for his work in rebuilding the city following the earthquake. The mainshock produced surface rupture and propagated to the west with a separate strike-slip sub-event occurring two seconds later that propagated to the southeast. The Earthquake Engineering Research Institute's team compared building damage in each city and observed similar results when comparing stone buildings four stories or less in height, but for taller frame-stone buildings, 62% were destroyed at Leninakan while only 23% collapsed at Kirovakan. Posted in Earthquake 1988 on December 3, 2008| Leave a Comment » Wagons where people have to live after the earthquake “It was poverty that led to the Yeranosyan family’s use of a wood-burning stove in their home, which recently caused a fire that destroyed their house and traumatised their children, not to mention burnt the face of one of their three sons. Author and professor of geopolitics Pierre Verluise detailed in his 1995 book Armenia in Crisis: The 1988 Earthquake, how a French doctor and director of a Leninakan hospital described that he had seen one hundred victims suffering from the syndrome each day during the first three days. 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