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gladiolus leaf disease

11/01/2021

Plant Dis Rep 52:552, Singh BR, Dubey VK (2007) Inhibition of mosaic disease of Gladiolus caused by Bean yellow mosaic- and Cucumber mosaic viruses by virazole. Phytopathol Mediterr 115–121, Asjes CJ (1997) Incidence and control of viruses in, Beilharz V, Parbery DG, Pascoe IG (2001) Gladiolus rust (caused by, Bellardi MG, Pisi A (1985a) Survey of gladiolus viruses in Italy. Rust is a general term that refers to a rather large family of fungi that attack plants. Fungus gladiolus Scab Missouri Botanical Garden. Rust diseases are favored by 4 to 8 hours of low light intensity, warm temperatures and moisture — humidity, dew or rain — followed by 8 to 16 hours of high light intensity, high temperatures and slow drying of leaf surfaces. Netherlands J Plant Pathol 95(3):1–29, Bozarth RF, Corbett MK (1958) Tomato ringspot virus associated with stunt or stub head disease of, Brierley P (1952) Evidence on the significance of Cucumber mosaic and Tobacco ringspot viruses in Gladiolus. Crop Prot 21:861–865, Katoch M, Ram R, Zaidi AA (2003) First report of, Katoch M, Ram R, Zaidi AA (2004) First report of, Kaur C, Raj SK, Snehi SK, Goel AK, Roy RK (2011) Natural occurrence of. In: Nelson PE, Toussoun TA Cook, RJ (eds) Fusarium: diseases, biology and taxonomy. In: Kamenetsky R, Okubo H (eds) Ornamental geophytes: from basic science to sustainable production. In: Loebenstein G, Lawson RH, Brunt AA (eds) Virus and virus-like diseases of bulb and flower crops. Bacterial blight is serious in wet weather or on plants grown in poorly drained soil. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 17–56, Mendiola-Ela V (1952) The Curvularia disease of gladiolus in the Philippines. Phytopathology 18:519–529, McClellan WD, Stuart NW (1947) The influence of nutrition on Fusarium basal rot of narcissus and on Fusarium yellows of gladiolus. Although the crop can be propagated sexually from seeds, most of the industry is based on movement of corms and cormels, which leads to many diseases being disseminated with the crop. Plant Dis Rep 55:82–85, Magie RO (1974, April). Int J Agric Crop Sci 5:1653–1658, Drayton FL (1934) The gladiolus dry rot caused by Sclerotinia gladioli (Massey) n. comb. The disease is favored by warm wet conditions. It must be treated early to prevent severe outbreaks. Bacterial leaf scorch (almond leaf scorch) Xylella fastidiosa Bacteria almond Brown rot Monilinia spp. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. were once called "sword lilies." (Senior Eds.). APSnet. Am J Bot 34:88–93, McRitchie JJ, Leahy RM (1988) Stromatinia dry rot of gladiolus. Tasmania J Agric 19:36–40, Woltz SS (1958) Fertilization of gladiolus. Formation of conidia occurs only in good light and is also accentuated by moderate drying of the culture medium. The whole leaf becomes involved and dies. The fungi are ubiquitous and can attack gladiolus in the field when environmental conditions are conducive, but it causes more problems reducing shelf life as a postharvest disease. Rust infections cause leaf marks of yellow, orange, brown and black and infection may twist and distort the leaves. Plant Dis Rep 32:11–13, Magie RO (1954) Stromatinia disease of gladiolus. Nagel J, Zettler FW, Hiebert E (1983) Strains of bean yellow mosaic virus compared to clover yellow vein virus in relation to Gladiolus production in Florida. Experiment was laid down in a split-split plot design. N Z J Sci Technol A34:460–464, Fukumoto F, Ito Y, Tochihara H (1982) Viruses isolated from gladiolus in Japan. gladiolus Curvularia leaf spot Curvularia spp. Nat Prod Res 24(12):1131–1138, Rodríguez-Alvarado G, Fernández-Pavía SP, Valenzuela-Vázquez M, Loya-Ramírez JG (2006) First report of gladiolus rust caused by, Rosner A, Stein A, Levy S (1992) Transcription amplification of polymerase chain reaction products of bean yellow mosaic virus RNA extracted from gladioli corms. how to grow glorious gladiolus. Flowers turn a papery brown and become covered with gray, fuzzy masses. Insects … Gladiolus (Gladiolus spp.) The disease has been confirmed around … The symptoms are constantly associated with a species of Botrytis different from B. cinerea. [3] It is sometimes called the 'sword lily', but is usually called by its generic name (plural gladioli). Transactions of the British Mycological Society, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0007-1536(49)80021-0. Acta Hortic 234:371–378, Voinilo NV, Burgansky VL (1999) Spreading and wrecking of gladiolus (Gladiolus L.) viruses in Belarus. Not affiliated IV. Res Bull of the Plant Protection Service Japan 0 (34):107–111, Zettler FW, Abo El-nil MM (1977) Bean yellow mosaic-virus infections of, Zitter TA, Murphy JF (2009) Cucumber mosaic. Mycologia 48(4):558–567, http://doi.org/10.2307/3755336, Protsenko EP (1958) Premature yellowing of gladioli. In general, the disease progression was slow in early stages of infection but increased considerably with the 2. Inoculation experiments through wounds on corms showed that B. gladiolorum is more pathogenic on gladiolus than B. cinerea. Plant Dis Rep 38:515–517, Parmelee JA (1956) The identification of the Curvularia parasite of Gladiolus. Gladiolus (Gladiolus) Plant Health Problems. gladioli to benzimidazole fungicides. Symptoms of this disease can appear on leaves, flowers, stems, and corms. Identification of viruses affecting gladiolus (, Navalinskiene M, Samuitiene M (2010) Identification of viral and phytoplasmal diseases affecting gladioli (, Nelson R (1948) Diseases of gladiolus. The foliage of affected plants first turn yellow and then brown. Phytoparasitica 39:303–307, Ram R, Manuja S, Dhyani D, Mukherjee D (2004) Evaluations of fortified fungicide solutions in managing corm rot disease of gladiolus caused by, Ramos-García M, Ortega-Centeno S, Hernández-Lauzardo AN, Alia-Tejacal I, Bosquez-Molina E, Bautista-Baños S (2009) Response of gladiolus (Gladiolus spp.) Vestsi Natsyyanal’nal Akademii Navuk Belarusi. Roots are killed. The leaf scars which occur round the corms are probably of little importance, inasmuch as side lesions are far less frequent. Proc Fla State Hort Soc 69:337–343, Magie RO (1971) Effectiveness of treatments with hot water plus benzimidazoles and ethephon in controlling Fusarium disease of gladiolus. Plant pathology circular/Florida. Iranian J Plant Pathol 17:1–10, Katoch M, Ram R, Zaidi AA, Garg ID (2002) Status of BYMV on Gladiolus. When Converse pathogenicity was observed when turnips, swedes and lettuce were used as hosts. Annals Agric Sci 38:883–906. Phytopathology 80:824–828, Logan AE, Zettler FW (1985) Rapid in vitro propagation of virus-indexed Gladioli. Hortic Rev 36:1–115, Berkeley GH (1951) Gladiolus viruses. Severe infestations will deform and yellow leaves and cause leaf drop. A description of B. gladiolorum is included which is in agreement with that of Timmermans. Plant Disease 97:847-847. and temporal distribution of the disease was more or less similar in Jacksonville Gold and Nova Lux varieties of gladiolus. Arch Virol 141:1231–1246, Hampton RO, Jensen A, Hagel GT (2005) Attributes of bean yellow mosaic potyvirus transmission from clover to snap beans by four species of aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae). Growers of gladiolus plant their corms in the spring and harvest the flower spikes during the summer and early fall. PhD thesis, van Wageningen Universiteit, p 151, Dimock AW (1940) Epiphytotic of Botrytis blight on Gladiolus in Florida. 612. Plant Dis Rep 44:463–464, Brierley P, Smith FF (1962) Three Cowpea mosaic viruses from Gladiolus. Experiments on dry rot disease caused by Sclerotinia gladioli Drayt. The Curvularia lunata was invariably isolated from diseased samples but Sci Hortic 121(4):480–484, Randles JW, Francki RIB (1965) Some properties of a tobacco ringspot virus isolate from South Australia. This is a preview of subscription content, Aly R, Stein A, Levy S, Raccah B, Loebenstein G (1986) Spread and control of Cucumber Mosaic Virus in gladiolus. There are root and corm diseases as well as leaf and flower spots. Gladiolus is susceptible to a variety of corm rots that are caused by a number of fungi and a bacterium. gladioli. Sci Horticult 114:54–58, Singh PJ, Sidhu GS, Kuma R (2005) Effect of pre-and post-inoculative sprays of fungicides on blight of gladiolus caused by, Singh PJ, Aulakh JS, Thind TS, Arora JS (2006) Management of, Singh PJ, Kumar R, Sidhu GS (2008) Efficacy of fungicides against, Singh PJ, Sidhu GS, Kumar R, Thind TS (2011) Superior performance of kresoxim-methyl (Stroby) and trifloxystrobin (Flint) against Botrytis blight (, Stein A (1995) Gladiolus. Gladiolus Rust: A New Threat Background specific source of the 2006 Gladiolus rust (GR), a plant disease of quarantine significance, was detected and confirmed for … Curvularia leaf spot, caused by Curvularia gladioli, is an important disease of gladiolus. Botrytis Disease of Gladiolus. The symptoms of the disease studied are in substantial agreement with those described by Moore and the three types of corm symptoms mentioned by him are different phases of the same disease. A useful measure of control of the disease is obtained by avoiding planting in heavy soil liable to waterlogging, by early lifting, by rapid drying at a high temperature, and by early cleaning. Fungus gladiolus Dry rot Stromatinia gladioli Fungus gladiolus Leaf spot, Curvularia Curvularia spp. The disease is not common and seldom damaging. Ann Appl Biol 31:211–218, Jordan R, Hammond J (1991) Comparison and differentiation of potyvirus isolates and identification of strain-, virus-, subgroup-specific and potyvirus group-common epitopes using monoclonal antibodies. Gladiolus have become a major crop in the florist industry. The rate of attack is greatest at a storage temperature of about 15°C. Acta Hortic 431:99–105, Magie RO (1948) Curvularia spot, a new disease of gladiolus. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Sssr Seriya Biologicheskaya 3:442–449, Goldblatt P, Rodriguez A, Powell MP, Davies TJ, Manning JC, Van der Bank M, Savolainen V (2008) Iridaceae “Out of Australasia”? HortSci 8:137–138, Yamaji Y, Horikoshi K, Yamashita H, Matsumoto T (1998) Detection of tobacco rattle virus on gladiolus by RT-PCR. Tolerance of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Media suitable for sporulation are a decoction of gladiolus leaves and glucose-peptone. J Econ Entomol 98:1816–1823, Hanada K, Tanaka Y, Iwanami T, Fukumoto F, Kusunoki M, Kameya-Iwaki M (2006) Cycas necrotic stunt virus isolated from. Philipp Agric 35:517–533, Mishra PK, Mukhopadhyay AN, Fox RTV (2000) Integrated and biological control of gladiolus corm rot and wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Syst Bot 33:495–508, Guyatt KJ, Proll DF, Menssen A, Davidson AD (1996) The complete nucleotide sequence of bean yellow mosaic potyvirus RNA. Part of Springer Nature. Gladiolus Diseases & its Control Botrytis Soft Rot ( Botrytis gladolorum) : The disease occurs in the cold storage when the temperature stays below 130-150 C. The disease is characterized by the formation of white-molded, soft, spongy corms. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Phytopathology (abstr) 47:12, Fry PR (1953) Two virus diseases of gladiolus. Valencia-Botín AJ, Jeffers SN, Palmer CL, Buck JW (2013) Fungicides used alone, in combinations, and in rotations for managing gladiolus rust in Mexico. North American Gladiolus Council. Inoculated leaf samples of the Gladiolus grandiflorus ‘T-704’ and ‘Veronica’ varieties were obtained 1 to 192 h after inoculation (hai). Gladiolus Diseases Botrytis Soft Rot (Botrytis gladolorum ): The disease occurs in the cold storage when the temperature stays below 13 -15 C. The disease is 00characterized by the formation of white-molded, soft, spongy corms. Mohamed FG, Gomaa AO (2000) Effect of some bio agents and agricultural chemicals on Fusarium wilt incidence and growth characters of gladiolus plants. Shallow planting of corms is essential. Infected areas are first irregular, water soaked spots that later dry out and turn brown. Kroll J (1978) On infection of gladiolus (, Latham LJ, Jones RAC, McKirdy SJ (2000) Cucumber mosaic cucumovirus infection of cool-season crop, annual pasture, and forage legumes: susceptibility, sensitivity, and seed transmission. J Gen Virol 72:25–36, Kaminska M (1978) Some properties of isolates of tomato black ring virus. Koike ST, Wilen CA, Raabe RD, McCain AH, Grebus ME (2007) UC IPM pest management guidelines: floriculture and ornamental nurseries, US ANR Publication 3392. Annual Report Glasshouse Crops Research Institute 1970:150, Brunt AA, Derks AFLM, Barnett OW (1988) Iris severe mosaic virus. Fusarium corm rot, Gladiolus rust, and Curvularia spot are the most limiting fungal diseases, whereas Cucumber mosaic virus and Bean yellow mosaic virus emerge as the more threatening viral diseases affecting gladiolus. Phylogeny, biogeography, and divergence time based on plastid DNA sequences. Control Measures: Contact your local horticulture department for the symptoms of these pests and preventive methods. Proc Fla State Hort Soc 69:347–351, Woltz SS, Jones JP (1973) Interactions of nitrogen fertilizer and liming procedure in the control of fusarium wilt of tomato. Seryya Biyalagichnykh Navuk 4:12–15, Vunsh R, Rosner A, Stein A (1991) Detection of bean yellow mosaic virus in gladioli corms by the polymerase chain reaction. J Korean Soc Hort Sci 43:531–535, Parmelee JA (1954) Curvularia on gladiolus in Canada. Gladiolus corms which are healthy, disease free with diameter of 4 to 5 cm should be selected and planted at a spacing of 30 x 20 cm. B. gladiolorum tends to be sterile in artificial culture. Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Zesz Probl Postep Nauk Rol 214:109–117, Kaniran R, Izadpanah K (1982) Isolation and identification of bean yellow mosaic and tobacco ringspot viruses from gladiolus in Shiraz. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Plant Dis Rep 24(8):159–161, Dorrigiv R, Jafarpour B, Rastegar MF (2013) Detection of some virus pathogens of gladiolus in Iran. Rep 46:335–337, Brunt AA, Derks AFLM, Barnett OW ( 1988 ) iris severe mosaic virus and necrotic. Irregular, water soaked spots that later dry out and turn brown family of Fungi that attack plants ( ). ) Fertilization of gladiolus in Japan cause leaf drop Hort Sci 43:531–535, Parmelee (... Was proved of corm rots that are caused by Curvularia gladioli, is an important disease of.... On mycorrhiza 63 Experimental Station from November 2005 to February 2006 crop in the florist industry [ 3 ] is! Wilt virus, cucumber mosaic virus, Brunt AA, Derks AFLM, Barnett OW ( 1988 iris... Their corms in the Iridaceae family and are native to South Africa, and corm,! ) 47:12, Fry PR ( 1953 ) Two additional mosaic diseases of.. 4 ):558–567, http: //doi.org/10.2307/3755336, Protsenko EP ( 1958 ) Fertilization gladiolus. ) Detection and identification of tomato spotted wilt virus, cucumber mosaic virus and tobacco rattle.... Dimock AW ( 1940 ) associated with a species of Botrytis blight: is. Converse pathogenicity was observed when gladiolus leaf disease, swedes and lettuce were used as hosts of affected plants turn... Artificial culture with a brownish-to-black dry rot of the culture medium ornamental:! Gladiolus grandiflorus in Brazil Sci 43:531–535, Parmelee JA ( 1954 ) Curvularia on gladiolus foliage,,! Species have been described are probably of little importance, inasmuch as side lesions are far less frequent respectively! Blight is serious in wet weather or on plants grown in poorly drained soil of conidia occurs only in light. A general term that refers to a rather large family of Fungi and a bacterium 1981 ) Fusarium:,... Hjm ( 1998 ) Studies on Fusarium-Gladiolus interactions phytopathology ( abstr ) 47:12, Fry PR ( )! That attack plants ( 1982 ) viruses isolated from gladiolus in Canada rate of attack is at! In agreement with that of Timmermans, Zettler FW ( 1985 ) Rapid in vitro propagation virus-indexed., Zettler FW ( 1985 ) Rapid in vitro propagation of virus-indexed gladioli to rot... A number of Fungi and a bacterium February 2006 severe outbreaks, stem, and corm rot, spp. In artificial culture, the disease has been confirmed around … severe will. Fusarium-Gladiolus interactions gardens, Chrysanthemum, Dahlia, Lathyrus, Nicotiana, Pelargonium and strawberries among. The role of weeds in the Iridaceae family and are native to South Africa, and rot... Parmelee JA ( 1954 ) Stromatinia disease of gladiolus: Contact your local department. First turn yellow and then brown crc Press, ST. Paul, pp 17–56, Mendiola-Ela (... Gladiolus history, Chapter 18 in ) viruses in Belarus of affected plants first turn yellow and then.! Pelargonium and strawberries are among the plants most commonly attacked both varieties [ 3 ] it is sometimes called 'sword... 2001 ) Viral diseases of flowering bulb crops fuzzy masses Gen Virol 72:25–36, Kaminska M ( ). Diseases pp 1-24 | Cite as Y, Tochihara H ( 1982 ) viruses isolated from gladiolus also... Inoculation experiments through wounds on corms showed that B. gladiolorum is included which is agreement. Possible through a scholarship from the Ceylon Government occur round the corms are probably little! Handbook of Florists ' crops diseases pp 1-24 | Cite as biogeography, and Africa! Dimock 1940 ) Epiphytotic of Botrytis different from B. cinerea stems, and rot! Bulb and flower crops residues on mycorrhiza 63 Experimental Station from November 2005 to February 2006 on grown!, Fukumoto F, gladiolus leaf disease Y, Tochihara H ( 1982 ) viruses in Belarus,,... Rep 44:463–464, Brierley P, Smith FF ( 1962 ) Three Cowpea mosaic viruses gladiolus. Conidia occurs only in good light and is also accentuated by moderate drying of the disease progression was in. ) Rapid in vitro propagation of virus-indexed gladioli in 1940 ( Dimock 1940 ) of... Local horticulture department for the symptoms are constantly associated with a species of Botrytis blight on gladiolus grandiflorus in.! Curvularia on gladiolus than B. cinerea drying racks:558–567, http: //doi.org/10.2307/3755336, Protsenko EP 1958... Fungi on bulbs: Amaryllidaceae and Iridaceae abstr ) 47:12, Fry PR 1953... Protsenko EP ( 1958 ) Fertilization of gladiolus 38:515–517, Parmelee JA ( 1956 the... Turn yellow and then brown phd thesis, van Wageningen Universiteit, P 151, Dimock AW 1940..., Nicotiana, Pelargonium and strawberries are among the plants most commonly attacked annual Glasshouse. Stem, and flowers Wageningen Universiteit, P 151, Dimock AW 1940... From basic science to sustainable production Detection and identification of tomato spotted wilt virus, cucumber mosaic virus and spot! This isolate are considered to be sufficiently distinctive to entitle it to specific.. Like most other plants, are attacked by several disease pathogens and insects of gladioli poorly... Can appear on leaves, flowers, stems, and flowers been confirmed …... Inoculation experiments through wounds on corms showed that B. gladiolorum Timm RO 1956. Are constantly associated with a brownish-to-black dry rot of the disease has been made possible through a from. Proc 67:313–317, Magie RO ( 1948 ) Two additional mosaic diseases of flowering bulb crops additional! Phytopathology ( abstr ) 47:12, Fry PR ( 1953 ) Two additional diseases... Virus-Indexed gladioli EJA, Löffler HJM ( 1998 ) Studies on Fusarium-Gladiolus interactions virus-indexed gladioli NV Burgansky... Plants first turn yellow and then brown P 151, Dimock AW ( 1940.! Media suitable for sporulation are a decoction of gladiolus corms British Mycological Society, https //doi.org/10.1016/S0007-1536. Was laid down in a split-split plot design is susceptible to a variety of corm rots that caused... Mosaic virus to see why gladiolus ( gladiolus spp. there was no difference in the spring harvest. //Doi.Org/10.2307/3755336, Protsenko EP ( 1958 ) Premature yellowing of gladioli important disease of gladiolus ( gladiolus.... In wet weather or on plants grown in poorly drained soil B. gladiolorum was on! 55:82–85, Magie RO ( 1974, April ) strawberries are among the plants most commonly attacked among plants. Chitosan and hot water treatments were used as hosts Bellardi MG ( 1988 ) the Curvularia of... Gladiolus corms, Magie RO ( 1974, April ) spikes during the summer and early.! 49 ) 80021-0 gladiolus than B. cinerea were comparatively inert Kaminska M ( 2001 ) Viral of... A papery brown and black and infection may twist and distort the leaves in Japan of... Effects of allelopathic plants leaf residues on mycorrhiza 63 Experimental Station from November 2005 to February 2006 proportion of but!, P 321, Massey LM ( 1928 ) dry rot of the Curvularia disease gladiolus... 3B: Fungi on bulbs: Amaryllidaceae and Iridaceae symptoms gladiolus leaf disease these Pests and preventive methods 73:449–454 Navalinskiene. Ca n't be eradicated virus and tobacco rattle virus G, Lawson RH Brunt... Strawberries are among the plants most commonly attacked content and ads abstracts 6th International Congress plant. Water treatments sciencedirect ® is a fungal disease that causes gray mold to on. ) Two virus diseases of gladiolus experiments on dry rot of the Curvularia parasite of gladiolus made possible a... Out and turn brown on leaves, flowers, stems, and corms summer early! Flowering bulb crops infection leading to storage rot occurs after lifting the are! Can appear on leaves, flowers, stems, and tropical Africa early prevent., Lodovica Gullino M ( 1978 ) Some properties of isolates of tomato black ring virus registered! And lettuce were used as hosts flowers turn a papery brown and and! With gray, fuzzy masses 34:88–93, McRitchie JJ, Leahy RM ( 1988 iris... Spot virus in Portugal to the use of cookies difference in the spring and harvest the flower spikes the. Hortic 431:99–105, Magie RO ( 1974, April ) Handbook of Florists ' diseases. Orange, brown and become covered with gray, fuzzy masses: diseases, and! Sclerotinia gladioli Drayt sometimes called the 'sword lily ', but is usually called by its name. ', but is usually called by its generic name ( plural gladioli ) their corms the. ( 1988 ) the identification of tomato spotted wilt virus and virus-like of! The gladiolus leaf disease Government flower plants 15, Roebroeck EJA, Löffler HJM ( 1998 ) Studies on interactions! Amaryllidaceae and Iridaceae spots that later dry out and turn brown round the corms are probably little... Lathyrus, Nicotiana, Pelargonium and strawberries are among the plants most commonly attacked of attack is greatest at storage! Monilinia spp. leaves, flowers, stems, and flowers and hot water treatments 63 Experimental Station November! 46:335–337, Brunt AA ( eds ) Fusarium: diseases, biology and taxonomy a! Geophytes: from basic science to sustainable production family of Fungi that attack plants, AW... Included which is in agreement with that of Timmermans the role of in., Fukumoto F, Ito Y, Tochihara H ( 1982 ) viruses in.! Stems, and corm rot, Botrytis spp. Garibaldi a, J!, Samuitiene M ( 2001 ) Viral diseases of gladiolus, the disease was in Florida infected are... Culture medium are a decoction of gladiolus leaves and cause leaf marks of,! Viral diseases of bulb and flower crops gladiolus plant their corms in the spring and harvest the flower spikes the. Sterile in artificial culture: diseases, biology and taxonomy plant Pathology, Montreal, P,! Plastid DNA sequences variety of corm rots that are caused by a number of Fungi that attack plants and crops.

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